The Court of Justice delivered today its judgment in case C‑25/18 (Bryan Andrew Kerr v Pavlo Postnov, Natalia Postnova), which is about Article 7.1 Brussels I bis and Article 4.1 Rome I:
“1. Article 7(1)(a) of Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 […] must be interpreted as meaning that a dispute concerning a payment obligation arising from a decision taken by a general meeting of the owners of property in a building, which does not have legal personality and has been specifically established by law in order to exercise certain rights, — where that decision has been taken by a majority of members, but binds all members — must be regarded as falling within the concept of ‘matters relating to a contract’ within the meaning of that provision.
2. Article 4(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I) must be interpreted as meaning that a dispute […] concerning a payment obligation resulting from a decision of a general meeting of the owners of property in an apartment building, relating to the costs of maintaining the communal areas of that property, must be regarded as relating to a contract for the provision of services, within the meaning of that provision”.