CJEU on Article 7.2 Brussels I bis

The Court of Justice (Grand Chamber) delivered on 24 November 2020 its judgment in case C‑59/19 (Wikingerhof GmbH & Co. KG v Booking.com BV), which is about an action seeking an injunction against commercial practices considered to be contrary to competition law:

“Point 2 of Article 7 of Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 […] must be interpreted as applying to an action seeking an injunction against certain practices implemented in the context of the contractual relationship between the applicant and the defendant, based on an allegation of abuse of a dominant position by the latter in breach of competition law”.

Source: http://curia.europa.eu/juris/document/document.jsf;jsessionid=0B3C35184AED407DFB5B8CDCFD47AD38?text=&docid=234206&pageIndex=0&doclang=EN&mode=req&dir=&occ=first&part=1&cid=15723679

Collective redress: the EU Parliament endorses the draft Directive

The EU “Parliament today endorsed a new law that will allow groups of consumers to join forces and launch collective action in the EU. […] All member states must put in place at least one effective procedural mechanism that allows qualified entities (e.g. consumer organisations or public bodies) to bring lawsuits to court for the purpose of injunction (ceasing or prohibiting) or redress (compensation). […]

More rights for consumers and safeguards for traders

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CJEU on Article 25 Brussels I bis

The Court of justice delivered today its judgment in case C‑519/19 (Ryanair DAC v DelayFix, formerly Passenger Rights sp. z o.o.), which is about jurisdiction clauses, assignment of passenger claim and unfair terms:

“Article 25 of Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 […] must be interpreted as meaning that, in order to contest the jurisdiction of a court to hear and determine an action brought for compensation under Regulation (EC) No 261/2004 […]  establishing common rules on compensation and assistance to passengers in the event of denied boarding and of cancellation or long delay of flights, […] and against an airline, a jurisdiction clause incorporated in a contract of carriage concluded between a passenger and that airline cannot be enforced by the airline against a collection agency to which the passenger has assigned the claim, unless, under the legislation of the Member State whose courts are designated in that clause, that collection agency is the successor to all the initial contracting party’s rights and obligations, which it is for the referring court to determine. Where appropriate, such a clause, incorporated, without having been subject to an individual negotiation, in a contract concluded between a consumer, that is to say, the air passenger, and a seller or supplier, that is to say, the airline, and which confers exclusive jurisdiction on the courts which have jurisdiction over the territory in which that airline is based, must be considered as being unfair within the meaning of Article 3(1) of Directive 93/13/EEC of 5 April 1993 on unfair terms in consumer contracts”.

Source: http://curia.europa.eu/juris/document/document.jsf?text=&docid=233867&pageIndex=0&doclang=EN&mode=req&dir=&occ=first&part=1&cid=14547437

AG Hogan on the scope of application of the Maintenance Regulation

AG Hogan delivered today his opinion in case C‑729/19 (TKF v Department of Justice for Northern Ireland), which is about the Maintenance Regulation.

Context: the case “concerns the recognition and enforcement in the United Kingdom of decisions in matters relating to maintenance obligations given in Poland prior to its accession to the European Union on 1 May 2004 and prior to the date of application, namely 18 June 2011, of Regulation No 4/2009”.

Opinion: “1. The derogation from the temporal application of Council Regulation (EC) No 4/2009 […], laid down in Article 75(2) of Regulation No 4/2009, is to be interpreted as applying only to decisions which were given by a court in States which were already members of the EU at the time those decisions were given.

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CJEU on Articles 24.1 and 7.1 Brussels I bis (immovable property)

The Court of Justice delivered today its judgment in case C‑433/19 (Ellmes Property Services Limited v SP), which is about Articles 24.1 and 7.1 Brussels I bis in relation to immovable property:

“1. Point 1 of Article 24 of Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 […] must be interpreted as meaning that an action by which a co-owner of immovable property seeks to prohibit another co-owner of that property from carrying out changes, arbitrarily and without the consent of the other co-owners, to the designated use of his or her property subject to co-ownership, as provided for in a co-ownership agreement, must be regarded as constituting an action ‘which has as its object rights in rem in immovable property’ within the meaning of that provision, provided that that designated use may be relied on not only against the co-owners of that property, but also erga omnes, which it is for the referring court to verify.

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Studies on the Hague Convention on child abduction

The European Parliament released today a study on “40 years of the Hague Convention on child abduction – legal and societal changes in the rights of a child” and another one on “The Child Perspective in the Context of the 1980 Hague Convention”.

They are attached to this post.

New decision from the ICCP

The International Commercial Chamber of the Court of Appeal of Paris (France) delivered a few days ago (3 Novemberr 2020) a decision (RG 19/17529) on the law applicable to insurance with questions involving lois d’application immediate and ordre public.

Summary: “The ICCP-CA, which was seized on referral after a proceeding before the French Cour de cassation, held that the dispute concerning the conditions of the guarantee applicable under an insurance contract concluded between an insurance company and a company both governed by Polish law should be subject to Polish law, pursuant to the general rules of private international law on contractual obligations applicable in this case (§§ 51 to 60). The court dismissed the claim to set aside this law in favor of French law, on the basis of both French mandatory provisions (§ 44 to 48) and French international public policy (§ 61 to 68)”.

The decision is attached to this post.

Collective redress for consumers : Council of the EU adopts position at first reading

“The collective defence of consumers’ rights has come a step closer. Following the agreement reached with the European Parliament in June 2020, the Council today adopted its position at first reading on a draft directive on representative actions for the protection of the collective interests of consumers within the EU.

The directive requires member states to put in place a system of representative actions for the protection of consumers’ collective interests against infringements of Union law. It covers actions for both injunctions and redress measures.

It empowers qualified entities designated as such by member states to seek injunctions and/or redress, including compensation or replacement, on behalf of a group of consumers that has been harmed by a trader who has allegedly infringed one of the EU legal acts set out in the annex to the directive. These legal acts cover areas such as financial services, travel and tourism, energy, health, telecommunications and data protection.

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Council of the EU adopts new Evidence and Service of documents Regulations

“The Council today adopted two recast regulations, one on the taking of evidence and a second on the service of documents, to modernise cross-border exchanges between authorities through digitalisation. After reaching a political agreement with the European Parliament in June 2020, the text will now be submitted to the Parliament for its final adoption.

[…] Changes in both regulations include the mandatory use of a decentralised IT system, composed of interconnected national IT systems, for the transmission of documents and requests between member states.

Regarding the service of documents, under the new rules documents can be served electronically and directly to an addressee with a known address in another member state, when their express consent is given in advance. The service can be performed through qualified electronic registered delivery services or, under additional conditions, by e-mail.

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